The use of Botox continues to gain in popularity and is widely used for cosmetic purposes throughout the globe in what is now a billion dollar industry. In 1989, the FDA finally, after over a century of experimentation and testing, approved Botox for the treatment of blepharospasm and strabismus, which are spasms in the eyelid muscles. Years later in 1992, Dr. Jean Carruthers a Canadian ophthalmologist, published a study in the Journal of Dermatologic Surgery and Oncology, revealing her findings about the benefits of the toxin for the treatment of brow wrinkles.
Soon afterwards, subsequent to Dr. Jean Carruthers published findings,"off-label" use of the drug began in droves during the remainder of the 1990’s. Citizens of the U.S. began demanding the drug in such large quantities that it depleted the available supply. In 2002, the FDA finally approved Botox as a safe and effective cosmetic remedy for glabellar lines; normally called "frown lines,” which appear between the eyebrows.
The drug itself is a toxin the FDA warns if spread to areas of the body other than the injection area, that symptoms could occur which resemble those of botulism poisoning, and may include difficulty breathing and swallowing, severe underarm sweating, Blepharospasm (uncontrollable blinking), Strabismus (misaligned eyes), Overactive bladder, Cervical dystonia (severe neurological condition causing neck and shoulder muscle contractions), Chronic migraines, and could potentially cause death. According to the FDA, there is no confirmed case of severe poisoning as of yet when using Botox in the recommended dose.
Clostridium botulinum is a species of bacterium as well as a neurotoxic protein that when injected can weaken or paralyze a muscle for several months. The effects of an injection may last anywhere from 3 to 12 months depending on the area of treatment. The potential side effects as reported by the National Institute of Health, include flu-like symptoms, upset stomach, and headaches. Botox injections may also create the temporary appearance of drooping eyelids. You could possibly experience bruising, pain, and swelling at the injection site. If you are a mother who is pregnant or breastfeeding, it is recommended that you avoid treatments.